Dante looks back toward the earth and reports: “I saw this globe so lost in space that I had to smile at such a sorry show.”
He sees that everything earthly, even politics, is trivial...
If you tried to listen to all the sounds of the universe at once it would be deafening. All the various meanings would cancel each other out. You would hear the chaos of white noise instead of the single, hidden truth of a rational universe…Because when it is universal it is deafening, it is a chaos; and although this chaos is itself the ultimate nature of the universe, you can only fathom it from one perspective at a time…The multiple meanings of the universe simply don’t add up to a single, universal truth. Our only hope is to engage in each of them fully.
Pip confronts the possibility of becoming a castaway, of losing all connection with human beings, of becoming completely isolated on the infinite sea. “Out from the centre of the sea, Pip turned his black head to the sun, another lonely castaway, though the loftiest and the brightest.” “heartless immensity” looks up and sees the sun as “another lonely castaway” A sense that even the Sun (the symbol of the Good in Plato and of God in Dante) has lost its place at the center of the universe.
"All Things Shining" Professor Dreyfus
Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold